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The Grahams’ of Cochran County – Chapter 51

The North Korean Army invaded the South Korean Country on June 25, 1950. They rapidly went south capturing all of South in just a few days. Truman got a declaration from the United Nations to send troops to defend the South. Several Divisions from the US Army were sent from Japan and the Divisions set up a perimeter around Pusan.

The North Koreans never captured a 50 mile radius around Pusan because of the fast action of United Nations sending troop in to defend the South Korean Nation.

MacArthur was in Japan devising a plan to attack the North Korean Army. My Division, the 7th Infantry Division was part of that plan along with the lst Marine Division which was being sent from the States. MacArthur’s plan was very bold. He was going to send the Marines and the 7th Infantry Division in at Inchon. The tides at Inchon were very high and most of his planning committee thought he had gone off his rocker. He prevailed and the invasion up near Seoul occurred on September 25,1950.

The Island near Incheon was not heavily fortified and was easily overcome by the Marines. Landing Craft took the troops in at high tide and more landed at the next high tide. I (Charles Graham) came in the third day during high tide.

I was devastated on the 4th day of the fighting going in at Inchon when our G-3 Leader Col Hampton was killed.

My beloved Col. Hampton lost his life in the first days of the invasion at Inchon.

The Korean War then got very personal with me. Truman had extended all enlistments for a year. I was supposed to be headed home but instead I was now in the middle of a war not of my choosing. This is one that could have been prevented in my opinion had the powers that be left the troops in Korea until the South Korean’s were prepared to defend themselves. I grieved as though I had lost my father

The Marines captured Seoul and the 7th Infantry headed south to me up with our troops who were breaking out of the Pusan encirclement. Things were breaking our way and we started hearing that the troops would be going home by Christmas of 1950.

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Remembering Johnnie

Remembering Johnnie. Johnnie left us this past November to be with her Lord. She was always trying to improve her education. This picture was taken May 16, 1972 at the graduation exercise at NTSU. She had been doing night classes in Denton. Dorcas was old enough to get supper for me and Tim. Johnnie was receiving her MS degree in elementary education. She was doing some substitute teaching in Plano.

We were very proud of her that night. It would be about 10 years after this picture before she came to my medical practice first as my receptionist and later as my office manager.

Always busy. Always helping others. Always serving the Lord. Now rejoicing in Heaven!!

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The Grahams’ of Cochran County – Chapter 50

After several month serving in the cold of Hokkaido, the Seventh Infantry Division was getting orders to prepare to move to a more southern island of Honshu.
Honshu is the island that includes Tokyo and Yokohama as well as the city of Sendai.  We were being moved to Sendai.  The troops that were occupying Sendai were being sent back to the States.  This was in early 1950.

Exploring Honshu:

After the move to Honshu, I was able to visit Ibaracki Christian College and meet a nephew of my aunt Zelma’s.  Aunt Zelma and uncle Ray Lawyer had been missionaries to Africa in the 1920’s.  Ray was killed in a tragic accident after about 3 years in Northern Rhodesia.  Her nephew by marriage, Virgil Lawyer was an instructor at Ibaracki Christian College and my mother Bess told me that I should go visit them if I could.  I met a very nice and hospitable couple there and spent a few days visiting the area.

Virgil Lawyer and his wife posing for my camera when I visited them at the Ibaraki Christian College on Honshu.  This was near Sendai, Japan

My promotion to Staff Sergeant gave me a little more authority but I still had to report to Master Sergeant Wetzel.

After we moved to Sendai in early 1950 there seemed to be an uneasy feeling among our senior staff about the conditions in South Korea.  I was still privy of  most of the secret and top secret stuff since I did a lot of the typing from Col. Hampton.  I do not recall anything that was said or communicated between the officers in our G-3 section that would indicate the coming disaster in South Korea.

I was anticipating being sent home on rotation in the summer of 1950 since I had signed up for three year enlistment in 1947.  Usually the Army would send the soldier home about two months before the enlistment was up.  Mine was up on October 9, 1950.

I was accomplishing what I joined the Army for.  I wanted to save enough money to go to college.  I was sending about $100.00 a month to my parents and putting $50.00 a month in a Bank of American account since I did not spend a lot of money beyond necessities.

June 25, 1950 came around and all of my plans were suddenly disrupted.  The North Koreans invaded South Korea.  President Truman extended all enlistments for one year and re started the draft.  The United Nations was suddenly at war with the North Koreans. 

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The Grahams’ of Cochran County – Chapter 49

image_56289302543136Hokkaido was an interesting place to explore on weekends.  There were a lot of interesting trails and me and some of my friends utilized these to get away from the normal mess chow and do a little camp fire cooking.

Food just seemed better away from camp.  We rarely saw native Japanese using these trails.  I suspect that they used them to get to their job during the week and were not interested in hiking them on week-ends.  The two fellows in the left picture were both married with wife’s back home and were not too interested in going into towns to party.

This was the summer of 1949 and in never did get hot at the northern island like it did in Korea or Southern Japan.  That was a very calm part of the occupation that I enjoyed.  I was somewhat tired of being a clerk typist in the G-3 section and when a job description was put out to the GI community that they were needing a radio disc jock I thought that I would apply for the job.  The Captain who handled the radio asked me to come in for an interview.  He also gave me a test using a recording apparatus and played my voice back.  His conclusion was that I had too much of a southern drawl to be doing radio work.

The summer on Hokkaido did not last long.  Sapporo was the capital of this Northern Japan area.  There had been some Russians who had fled from Russia to Sapporo, Hokkaido and they started some Russian Language Classes with one of the men of the community conducting the lessons.  I enrolled in this course and enjoyed interacting with this gentleman.  I did not retain much Russian but it did keep the boredom down somewhat.

Another way that I was able to break the boredom was working at night in the NCO Club.  This club was for the Higher Ranked Sergeants and then there was the Commissioned Officer’s Club.  I was the bookkeeper and enjoyed doing this job, mainly at night and this did not interfere with my other military duties.

I felt somewhat isolated on Hokkaido in spite of this other activity.  Probably this island atmosphere was the cause or it may have been the length of time I was away from the states.

 

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The Grahams’ of Cochran County – Chapter 48

WELCOME TO JAPAN:

The Japanese occupation in 1949 was more plush than the Korean occupation the year previously in several ways.  We had more room in our barracks.  A little more privacy.  There were some disadvantages.  We had to do our own washing.  They would not allow natives on base to help us out there.

 

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I also was awarded the rocker strip to my insignia which meant that I was now a Staff Sergeant.  It was great to see summer coming to the island of Hokkaido.  I could start exploring the island with some of my buddies.

On weekends most of the fellows would go into town but a few of us had no interest in drinking and meeting up with the geishas.  We could take hikes up into the mountains for about 3 hours, cook our lunch over a camp fire and hike back.

I was getting a little home sick but felt that I could make it into 1950 without much trouble and make my rotation back to the good old USA.  My enlistment would be up on October 9, 1950.  Don’t miss the change in plans in future chapters.